Tuupovaara energy co-operative was the first energy co-operative in the province of North Karelia. It was established by eight founding members in 1996 being one of the first energy co-operatives utilizing wood as raw material for heat production in Finland. The heat production activities that energy co-operatives started to be involved with created a demand for wood that did not have use in Finland, i.e. no-one bought energy wood at that time and markets were created for this wood.
Eno energy co-operative is a community-based enterprise located in North Karelia, Finland which has been established in 1999. It is one of 310 heat enterprises in Finland of which the first ones were established in 1992 – before this such a model for heat production run by entrepreneurs and based on forest chips did not exist in Finland. The co-operative is owned by local forest owners. The co-operative aims at producing inexpensive district heat for the local community with locally sourced energy wood, a part of which comes from its members.
In 2010 people at Herttoniemi, Helsinki, Finland started looking for solutions for sustainable food production by starting their own food co-operative. The basic idea is that the members of the co-operative rent a piece of land and employ a farmer to farm the field. After paying a certain price for the membership the member is entitled to receive a share of the crops. During the harvesting season the members receive their share once a week. Also a 10 h work commitment at the weekly bee is included in the membership.
The Participatory Energy Plan of Sant Martí de Provençals, La Verneda and La Pau (known as PEP) is a community-based initiative operating in three working class neighborhoods in Barcelona, Spain. It was created in the autumn of 2010. Originally inspired by the Transition movement coming from Totnes, the group is working towards a more environmentally and socially sustainable neighborhood. PEP proposes a collaborative way of managing the energy use at a neighborhood scale, focusing on decentralization, sensibilization and the citizen participation.
This case study is about local community renewable energy in the UK, with particular focus on innovative individual initiatives and their link to a nascent community energy niche. Specifically, the case study focuses on the initiative Brixton Energy, which has been creating and managing “cooperatively owned renewable energy projects”, including the UK’s first inner-city renewable energy co-operatives.
Coopérnico is a Portuguese cooperative of renewable energy, being its mission to involve citizens and companies in creating a new energy paradigm (renewable and decentralized) for the society and environment’s benefit. Coopérnico was founded by a group of 16 citizens from different professional areas and backgrounds, sharing a common concern: sustainable development. It defends a renewable energy and a responsible model contributing to social, environmental and sustainable energy’s future.